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Glossary of Terms - P
PMS (Pantone Matching System)
A standard color-matching system used by printers and graphic designers for inks, papers, and other materials. A PMS color is a standard color defined by percentage mixtures of different primary inks.
(Portable Network Graphics format) (Usually pronounced "ping"), is used for lossless compression. The PNG format displays images without jagged edges while keeping file sizes relatively small, making them popular on the web. PNG files are however generally larger than GIF files.
Denotes the thickness of a letter stroke, light, extra-light, "regular," medium, demi-bold, bold, extra bold and ultra bold.
A type of binding that glues the edge of sheets to a cover like a telephone book, Microsoft software manual, or Country Living Magazine.
A sheet fed printing press that prints both sides of a sheet in one pass.
A measurement used in typography for column widths and other space specifications in a page layout. There are 12 points in a pica, and approximately 6 picas to an inch.
The smallest building block within a scanned line-art or photographic image. A pixel is the small square picture element that is filled with a color, or black or white. Pixels come in various sizes and their size is expressed in terms of resolution. Resolution is measured in pixels per inch (PPI.)
A measurement used in typography for type size, leading, and other space specifications in a page layout. There are 12 points in a pica, and approximately 70 points to an inch.
The computer language most recognized by printing devices.
High-resolution bitmaps or font outline masters used for the actual laying down of the characters on the printed page, as opposed to display on the screen.