Image resolution refers to the level of detail or the number of pixels in an image. In raster (JPG, PNG) graphics, images are made up of a grid of small rectangular units called pixels. Each pixel contains color information, and when combined, these pixels create the visual representation of an image.
High resolution refers to images with a high number of pixels per inch (PPI) or dots per inch (DPI), resulting in a high level of detail. When it comes to printing, high resolution is preferred for several reasons:
Sharpness and Clarity: High-resolution images are made up of a greater number of pixels, resulting in finer details and sharpness. This level of detail allows for clear and crisp print output, enhancing the overall visual quality of the printed image.
Smooth Gradations: When the resolution is high, the transitions between colors, shades, and gradients are smoother. This is particularly important in complex images with smooth shade variations or gradient effects. A high-resolution print can accurately reproduce these subtle gradations, avoiding banding or pixelation.
Printing Sizes: High-resolution images have a greater number of pixels per inch, which allows for larger prints without sacrificing quality. When an image is printed at a larger size, a higher resolution ensures that the details remain sharp and well-defined, avoiding a loss in quality.
Text and Fine Features: High resolution is crucial for printing text or images with fine features such as small fonts or intricate patterns. Low-resolution images may cause such details to appear blurry or illegible when printed. With high resolution, the text and fine features retain their clarity and legibility.
Printing Technology: Certain printing technologies, such as inkjet printers, can achieve extremely high resolutions. In order to take full advantage of these printing capabilities and produce the highest-quality prints, high-resolution images are required.
However, it is important to note that high resolution alone is not the sole determinant of print quality. Factors such as color accuracy, file format, and appropriate printing techniques also play essential roles in achieving optimal print results. In conclusion, high resolution in raster images is preferred for printing because it ensures sharper details, smoother gradients, larger print sizes, and legible text, and takes advantage of advanced printing technologies, resulting in superior print quality.